In the midst of the pandemic, Prime Minister Netanyahu has formed a new Israeli government that appears able and determined to carry out unilateral annexation of occupied Palestinian territory in the West Bank. It’s been agreed that, with the approval of the Trump administration, they could begin annexation as early as July 1st. That means that those who care about Israelis, Palestinians and the US-Israel relationship have just weeks to stop this disaster.
Annexation would be deliberately intended to prevent the creation of a Palestinian state alongside Israel, and would institutionalize an undemocratic system in which Israel would rule permanently over stateless Palestinian residents of the West Bank. It would fundamentally betray the vision and democratic principles of Israel’s founders, severely imperil the US-Israel relationship and make it nearly impossible to maintain broad support for Israel in the US.
Standing together with American lawmakers, policy experts and an overwhelming portion of the Israeli security establishment, we’re making clear why annexation would be so destructive — and taking action to stop it.
A brief on what annexation by this Israeli government might look like and what its consequences could be.
Results of an in-depth, year-long study by retired Israeli generals on the consequences of annexation.
A former legal adviser to Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs discusses the potential consequences of annexation and steps the US could take to prevent annexation from moving forward.
Attorney Michael Sfard explains what annexation could mean for the rights of Palestinians.
According to a poll by Commanders for Israel's Security, only a quarter of Jewish Israelis support annexation.
Annexation Under the Trump Plan
Annexation of Area C
Source: Dan Rothem
Members of Israel’s security establishment have warned that annexation risks provoking outrage in the West Bank and would undermine or destroy important cornerstones of Israel’s security strategy, including the current ceasefire with Hamas, security cooperation with the Palestinian Authority and peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan. They also warn that annexation could lead to the collapse of the Palestinian Authority and Israel retaking control of the entire West Bank at great additional cost and risk to its soldiers and people.
Annexation would be a gross violation of international law, designed to prevent the creation of an independent Palestinian state alongside Israel. It would leave millions of Palestinians living permanently in disconnected enclaves, surrounded by Israeli territory and subject to unaccountable military rule — without basic civil or political rights or any hope of self-determination.
Israel’s identity has long been rooted in the goal of being a safe, secure, democracy and a homeland for the Jewish people. But maintaining permanent control over millions of Palestinians within its territory — while denying them the most basic civil and political rights — would be a betrayal of Israel’s founding values of democracy and equality, as enshrined by Israel’s 1948 Declaration of Independence. Annexation would force Israel to choose between abandoning its commitment to democracy, or abandoning its status as a majority-Jewish state.
America’s longstanding special relationship with Israel is built on a foundation of shared democratic values and a commitment to the pursuit of regional peace and stability. This would be severely undermined by annexation — a fundamentally anti-democratic act that also imperils US and Israeli security. Annexation would alienate a large swath of American lawmakers and voters, making it nearly impossible in the long run to maintain the same levels of broad support for Israel.
West Bank annexation has the potential to undermine vital American and Israeli security relationships in a highly volatile region, and to prevent Israel from developing closer ties with currently-hostile Arab states. In particular, it could shake the foundations of Israel’s essential peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan.
A roundup of quotes and statements from Israeli security officials, American supporters of Israel, Palestinians and global leaders.
"Those who care for Israel’s future as a secure Jewish democracy that upholds the
values enshrined in its declaration of independence must act now.”
A former commander of the IDF Central Command and former directors of Shin Bet and Mossad penned an op-ed against annexation.
CIS placed an ad in Haaretz outlining the costs of annexation.
The landmark resolution, introduced by Reps. Alan Lowenthal (D-CA), Karen Bass (D-CA) and Gerry Connolly (D-VA), passed with the overwhelming support of House Democrats, along with several House Republicans.
“[Annexation] will make it more challenging for American Jewish leaders as they seek to maintain strong support for Israel and pro-Israel policies at this time. Should annexation be advanced..."
Amb. Daniel Shapiro, Shira Efron and Evan Gottesman warn that annexation would "fundamentally alter the nature of the relationship between Israel and the United States."
Today, the greatest threat to the continuing fulfillment of that [Zionist] dream would be the annexation of the West Bank, the ending of the possibility of two states, and the absorption into Israel of several million Palestinians.
We also call on this new government to refrain from unilateral actions that could potentially hinder or thwart the renewal of the peace process in the short and long term, especially unilateral annexation.
Hashomer Hatzair World Movement is proud to be part of this global initiative of progressive Jewish and Zionist organisations which speak up and stand against the unilateral annexation of parts of the West-Bank by the Netanyahu government a
"The envoys from the UK, Germany, France, Ireland, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Belgium, Denmark, Finland and the EU issued a formal objection to the Foreign Ministry against the move"
"The implementation of plans to annex any part of the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967 ... and the lands on which Israeli settlements are standing represents a new war crime..."
President Macron (France) and Prime Ministers Johnson (UK), Sanchez (Spain) and Conte (Italy) reportedly penned letters to Netanyahu urging him not to move forward with annexation.
Building broad opposition to annexation starts with us. It starts by showing that Jewish Americans are staunchly opposed to annexation and committed to stopping it.Add your name
To prevent annexation, it is vital that the international community - and particularly Israel's allies in the United States - speak out and urge the Israeli government to reconsider moving forward with such destructive unilateral steps. Please contact your senators.Take Action
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